A. Background/Context:
Are you a runner looking to increase the efficiency and low your risk of injury? One option to consider is running on softer surfaces.

B. Definition of Soft Surfaces: Soft surfaces are those that give under pressure, such as grass, dirt trails, or sand. C. Why This Article is Useful: In this article, we’ll examine the benefits of running on soft surfaces and the three key reasons why running on these surfaces is better than running on hard surfaces like concrete. With this information, you’ll be able to make an informed decision about which surface suits your needs best.

Reason #1: Shock Absorption

A. Summary of scientific study:
According to a study published in 2017 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, runners who exercise on soft surfaces, such as grass or sand, experience less shock than those who run on hard surfaces, such as concrete or asphalt. The study monitored the impact and shock on runners’ feet and legs while running on different surfaces besides hard road pavement.

B. Description of the Result:
The results revealed that running on grass is the best choice when it comes to reducing the impact and shock. Grass absorbs three times as much shock as concrete and four times as much shock as asphalt. In addition, running on softer surfaces like grass, sand, or a treadmill with a cushioning surface, can reduce the amount of stress placed on bones, ligaments and muscles. This is due to the fact that the soft surface helps absorb the impact of your foot striking the ground. Additionally, studies have shown that the reduced strain on the body can increase your efficiency, helping you to run faster and for longer periods of time.

Reason #2: Injury Prevention

A. Summary of Scientific Study:
Recent studies have shown that running on soft surfaces, like grass or dirt trails, can help to prevent injuries. The studies are particularly applicable to long-distance runners and marathon runners who are at a greater risk for developing running-related injuries.

B. Description of the Result:
One study, published in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise in 2015, showed that running on soft surfaces put less strain and stress on the body, leading to reduced risk of injury. The study compared running on a standard track and trails with soft surfaces and found that running on softer surfaces led to decreased stress on the joints and back.

C. Explanation of Why the Result is Important:
These findings are especially important for people who are training for long-distance events, as the combination of long-term training and the stress of running can cause serious injuries. Knowing that running on softer surfaces can help to reduce the harshness of the impact on the body can be a helpful tool for minimizing injury risk for runners. The study also provides further evidence for the importance of incorporating soft surfaces into running schedules to minimize injury risk.

Reason #3: Improved Performance

A. Summary of scientific study

A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of Austin looked at the correlation between running on soft surfaces compared to hard surfaces and its effect on performance. They included runners of all levels, from recreational to professional.

B. Description of the Result

The results of the study were quite remarkable – those who ran on soft surfaces showed significant improvement in their performance compared to those who ran on hard surfaces. On average, the runners on soft surfaces reduced their times by over 8% – a remarkable achievement for any runner seeking to improve their speed. In addition, the runners on soft surfaces also reported feeling less tired, less sore, and less injury prone.

This study indicates that when runners take to the trails and roads, it is best to opt for the softer surface – whether it be grass, soil, or an artificial track. Soft surfaces not only allow runners to reduce fatiguing their muscles, but also give them the opportunity to see great improvements in their performance.


Running on soft surfaces like grass, turf, and dirt can be more beneficial for runners than asphalt or concrete. Not only will running on softer surfaces protect your joints from the jarring motion of hard surfaces, but it also helps to increase your muscle strength and can improve your running technique. Furthermore, it’s a great way to make your running experience feel more enjoyable. While the surface you choose to run on depends on personal preference and intended purpose, soft surfaces should always be taken into consideration for their many benefits for your body and your running routine.

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